3 Recording in Stereo
When recording with stereo techniques, the panning decisions are being made before the editing and mixing process begins. This automatic panning is caused by the interaural differences being recorded by the microphones, which will then be replayed to listeners over speakers.
There are different types of stereo recording technique, which are outlined in this post along with examples of particular techniques following later. It is worth nothing that different technique types will make use of interaural differences in different ways, so the sound can differ, dramatically.